San Francisco Financial District - Brief History of Yerba Buena Cove
Today's Financial District borders and actually sits upon what was once Yerba Buena Cove. The cove came in as far as Montgomery Street, and if you walk toward Jackson Square via Hotaling Place, you'll note spots where the original water line is marked by brick work in the pavement.
Artist and San Francisco history buff, Ron Henggeler has a great illustration at his website which shows the location of the Transamerica Pyramid in relation to the original geology of Yerba Buena Cove.
When the Gold Rush hit San Francisco, ships were abandoned as crews raced to the hills to be part of the golden windfall. The cove was filled in the 1850s and the remains of abandoned or sunken ships lie underneath the sidewalks and beaches of the San Francisco area.
Pictured Here: The Russ Building
This view toward Montgomery Street from Pine shows the historic Russ Building on the left and the rose-colored granite of the office building at 333 Bush Street, a block away.
Built in 1927, the Russ Building is a California State Historic Landmark. The building extends across the block between Pine and Bush on Montgomery.
Until 1965 the Russ Building (at 435 feet) was the tallest structure in San Francisco. (The Hartford Building at 650 California became the tallest in 1965.)